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International Conference and Expo on Cataract and Optometrists Meeting, will be organized around the theme “Vision corrections by reconstructive, cataract and refractive surgeries: ophthalmologist’s outlook”

Cataract 2016 is comprised of 19 tracks and 93 sessions designed to offer comprehensive sessions that address current issues in Cataract 2016.

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks. All related abstracts are accepted.

Register now for the conference by choosing an appropriate package suitable to you.

A cataract is a dense, cloudy area that forms in the lens of the eye. It develops at a slow rate and eventually interferes with the vision. People might end up with cataracts in both eyes, but they usually don’t form at the same time. Cataracts are common in older people. Over half of people in the United States have cataracts or have undergone cataract surgery by the time they’re 80 years old. In this session details will be discussed about the causes and  types of cataract such as Age-Related Cataracts, Congenital Cataracts, Secondary Cataracts, Traumatic Cataracts, Nuclear cataracts, Cortical Cataracts and Posterior Sub capsular Cataracts.

  • Track 1-1Age-related Cataracts
  • Track 1-2Congenital Cataracts
  • Track 1-3Secondary Cataracts
  • Track 1-4Traumatic Cataracts
  • Track 1-5Nuclear Cataracts
  • Track 1-6Cortical Cataracts
  • Track 1-7Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts
  • Track 1-8Causes of Cataracts

The eye functions much like a camera. Light rays enter the eye, passing through the cornea, the aqueous humor (transparent fluid in the front of the eye) and then the pupil and into the lens. The lens bends the light rays to focus objects onto the retina lining the back of the eye. From there, the image passes through the retinal cells, into the optic nerve, and finally to the back of the brain which process the images. Cataracts occur when there is a build-up of protein in the lens that makes it cloudy. This prevents light from passing clearly through the lens, causing some loss of vision. Since new lens cells form on the outside of the lens, all the older cells are compacted into the center of the lens resulting in the cataract.

  • Track 2-1Advancing Age,Smoking and Alcohol
  • Track 2-2Ultraviolet Radiation
  • Track 2-3Diabetes,Hypertension and Obesity
  • Track 2-4Corticosteroids Medications and Statin Medicines
  • Track 2-5Eye Injury,Inflammation and Surgery
  • Track 2-6Hormone replacement therapy
  • Track 2-7High Myopia

When the eye's lenses become cloudy, cataract removal is usually prescribed and thus cataract surgery is performed. In cataract surgery, the lens inside the eye that has become cloudy is removed and replaced with an artificial lens (called an intraocular lens, or IOL) to restore clear vision. The procedure typically is performed on an outpatient basis and does not require an overnight stay in a hospital or other care facility. Most modern cataract procedures involve the use of a high-frequency ultrasound device that breaks up the cloudy lens into small pieces, which are then gently removed from the eye with suction. This track will focus on different aspects of cataract surgery techniques such as Phacoemulsification, Manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS), extra capsular cataract extraction (ECCE), Intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE), Cryoextraction and Intraocular Lenses.

  • Track 3-1Cataract Surgery Techniques
  • Track 3-2Cataract Surgery Instruments
  • Track 3-3Post and Pre-Operative Care
  • Track 3-4Biometry
  • Track 3-5Ophthalmology Surgical Instruments

A cataract is a turbid or opaque region in the lens of the eye situated at the rear of iris inside the eye. The blurry and dull image will develop due to dense lens of the eye through which the light rays passed and shattered through the cloudy lens.  Children can have a congenital (birth) cataract or can develop later in life. As per the records and estimation it is noted that one in every 250 children may get a cataract either before to birth or during their growth after birth.  A cataract can effect either one or both the eyes.

  • Track 4-1Etiology
  • Track 4-2Diagnosis
  • Track 4-3Differential diagnosis
  • Track 4-4Management

An intraocular lens (IOL) is a lens implanted in the eye used to treat cataracts or myopia. These are implanted during cataract surgery, after the cloudy crystalline lens (otherwise known as a cataract) has been removed. IOL replaces the original crystalline lens, and provides the light focusing function originally undertaken by the crystalline lens. There are some intraocular lens which is placed over the existing natural lens, and is used in refractive surgery to change the eye's optical power as a treatment for myopia or nearsightedness.IOLs usually consist of a small plastic lens with plastic side struts, called haptics, to hold the lens in place within the capsular bag inside the eye. IOLs were traditionally made of an inflexible material (PMMA), although this has largely been superseded by the use of flexible materials. Most IOLs fitted today are fixed monofocal lenses matched to distance vision. However, other types are available, such as multifocal IOLs which provide the patient with multiple-focused vision at far and reading distance, and adaptive IOLs which provide the patient with limited visual accommodation. Topics of discussion in this session are Premium IOLs, Toric IOLs, Monovision with Intraocular Lenses, Aspheric IOLs, Blue Light-Filtering IOLs, Light-Adjustable Lenses (LALs), and “Piggyback" IOLs.

  • Track 5-1Premium IOLs
  • Track 5-2Toric IOLs
  • Track 5-3Monovision with Intraocular Lenses
  • Track 5-4Aspheric IOLs
  • Track 5-5Blue Light-Filtering IOLs
  • Track 5-6Light-Adjustable Lenses (LALs)
  • Track 5-7"Piggyback" IOLs

Cataract surgery is the most commonly performed type of eye surgery. In the vast majority of cases, approximately 95% of the time, the surgery is uncomplicated. Cataract surgery usually results in improved vision and a well satisfied patient. However, cataract surgery should never be trivialized. In a small percentage of patients, events occur which can lead to less than ideal results. Most of these events are known risks of the surgery itself and can occur even if the operation is performed well by an experienced surgeon. The occurrence of these events is often unpredictable. Patients should be aware of such possibilities when they decide to proceed with surgery. Some of the most common risks are reviewed in this session. These are Endophthalmitis, Cystoid Macular Edema, Retinal Detachment, Posteriorly Dislocated Lens and Material Choroidal Haemorrhage.

  • Track 6-1Endophthalmitis
  • Track 6-2Cystoid Macular Edema
  • Track 6-3Retinal Detachment
  • Track 6-4Posteriorly Dislocated Lens Material
  • Track 6-5Choroidal Haemorrhage.

The major therapeutic areas in the field of ophthalmology are Dry Eye, Glaucoma, Eye Infections, Eye Allergies and Age Related Macular Degeneration. Many New Eye Care Products have been developed to protect and prevent vision. Many advanced treatments are being given by delivering a whole portfolio of innovative drugs and medical devices worldwide. Chemical preservatives are often used in eye drops to ensure sterility of the drops in multidose bottles. When used in short-term treatments, they are mostly well tolerated. For long-term use, e.g. in chronic conditions such as dry eye and glaucoma, more and more doctors recommend preservative-free products, as the preservatives may possibly cause you allergic reactions or symptoms of irritation. Symptoms may include stinging, burning, discomfort, irritation or eye dryness. The anti-microbial properties of preservatives are based on a non-specific biological activity that may be the cause of these reactions.

  • Track 7-1Dry Eye
  • Track 7-2Glaucoma
  • Track 7-3Eye Infections
  • Track 7-4Eye Allergies
  • Track 7-5Age Related Macular Degeneration
  • Track 7-6Pharmocology in optometry

Refractive errors are very common nowadays but some people having certain disorders are more prone to these refractive conditions as compared to normal people. These disorders are known as increased risk conditions. Cataracts may be hereditary or secondary to a noxious intrauterine event (e.g., rubella). Cataracts associated with a systemic or genetic illness may not occur until the second or third decade (e.g., cataracts associated with retinitis pigmentosa). Even age-related cataracts, generally thought to be due to multiple insults accumulated over many years, have a genetic component, making certain individuals more vulnerable to the environmental insults. It seems likely that when mutations in crystalline or other lens proteins are sufficient in and of themselves to cause protein aggregation they usually result in congenital cataract, while if they merely increase susceptibility to environmental insults, such as light, hyperglycaemic, or oxidative damage, they might contribute to age-related cataract.

  • Track 8-1Genetic Illnesses of Cataract
  • Track 8-2Myotonic Dystrophy
  • Track 8-3Wilson
  • Track 8-4Homocystinuria and Galactosemia
  • Track 8-5Autoimmune disorders and Immunodeficiency Conditions
  • Track 8-6Persistent dry eyes andf Unstable Vision
  • Track 8-7Keratoconus and Keratitis
  • Track 8-8Uveitis and Herpes Simplex

The most common vision problems are refractive conditions or refractive errors, more commonly known as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Refractive errors occur when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing directly on the retina. The length of the eyeball (either longer or shorter), changes in the shape of the cornea, or aging of the lens can cause refractive errors. Most people have one or more of these conditions. This session will discuss about Infection in the Normal Eye,20/20 Vision, Myopia, Hyperopia, Astigmatism and Presbyopia.

  • Track 9-1Infections in the Normal Eye
  • Track 9-2Myopia
  • Track 9-3Hyperopia
  • Track 9-4Astigmatism
  • Track 9-5Presbyopia

If a person has a refractive error, such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), astigmatism or presbyopia, refractive surgery is a method for correcting or improving your vision. There are various surgical procedures for correcting or adjusting your eye's focusing ability by reshaping the cornea, or clear, round dome at the front of the eye. Other procedures involve implanting a lens inside the eye. This track will focus on topics like Phakic Intraocular Lenses, LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis), Wavefront LASIK, LASEK (laser epithelial keratomileusis), PRK (photorefractive keratectomy), CK (conductive keratoplasty), Intacs corneal rings, RLE (refractive lens exchange), EpiLasik, PRELEX (presbyopic lens exchange), AK or RLI (astigmatic keratotomy), RK (radial keratotomy).

  • Track 10-1Phakic Intraocular Lenses
  • Track 10-2LASIK and LASEK
  • Track 10-3Wavefront LASIK and EpiLasik
  • Track 10-4Photorefractive, Astigmatic and Radial Keratotomy
  • Track 10-5Presbyopic Lens Exchange (PRELEX) and Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE)
  • Track 10-6Conductive Keratoplasty
  • Track 10-7Intacs Corneal Rings
  • Track 10-8Vision Correction Surgery

Ophthalmic instruments help in different ophthalmic techniques to treat the illnesses. As indicated by Ophthalmic Medical Devices, Diagnostics, and Surgical Equipment: Global Markets (HLC083B) from BCC Research, the worldwide business sector was esteemed at about $16.9 billion in 2012, up from just about $15.3 billion in 2010. The business sector is required to reach $20.2 billion in 2017, an expansion of almost $3.4 billion amid the estimate period and a compound yearly development rate (CAGR) of 3.7% from 2012 to 2017. Key markets in Europe incorporate Germany and the United Kingdom, where contact lens markets are entrenched. Open doors for development stay in numerous Western European districts and the lion's share of Eastern Europe. By 2017, the European contact lens business sector is anticipated to reach $2.8 billion, developing at a rate of 3% every year.

  • Track 11-1Tonometer
  • Track 11-2Direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy
  • Track 11-3Phoropter
  • Track 11-4Fundus camera
  • Track 11-5Operating microscope
  • Track 11-6Ophthalmic lasers
  • Track 11-7Vitrectomy machine
  • Track 11-8Keratometer

Specialists of optometry are occupied individuals. We know it can be a test to fit everything into their calendar, and that is the reason Optometrists Meeting unites it all—in one spot—for them. Optometrists Meeting permits each member to make more grounded and more compelling relationship for their calling and their practices. This is our one-stop search for meeting with industry pioneers in the Exhibit Hall and interfacing with their partners crosswise over two entire days of occasion.

  • Track 12-1Optical engineers
  • Track 12-2Orthoptists
  • Track 12-3Vision scientist
  • Track 12-4Retina Specialists
  • Track 12-5Glaucoma Specialists

Research in Optometry incorporates examinations in zones, for example, binocular scatters, low vision, visual ailment, geriatrics, pediatrics, and the impacts of contact lens wear.
Fundamental exploration in Vision Science concentrates on such trains as bioengineering, psychophysics, neurophysiology, visual neuroscience, atomic and cell science, cell film natural chemistry, biostatistics, apply autonomy, contact lenses, spatial route, visual contaminations, refractive improvement, corneal surface mapping, newborn child vision, computational vision, and 3D PC displaying.

  • Track 13-1Anterior segment and contact lenses
  • Track 13-2Optics and applied vision research
  • Track 13-3Vision science
  • Track 13-4Lasik Future Advances
  • Track 13-5Eye Implants
  • Track 13-6Binocular Disorders
  • Track 13-7Visual Neuroscience
  • Track 13-8Vision Therapy

Cataract and Refractive surgery has a tremendous impact on people’s lives. Benefits are apparent in many ways. Some problems cannot be corrected with conventional glasses or contact lenses. In other cases, corrective lenses can be worn but with extreme difficulty. For these people, refractive surgery provides a way to clear vision without battling with visual aids. Refractive laser-assisted cataract surgery costs more than conventional options. The laser itself can cost the surgeon approximately $300,000 to $500,000, and additional costs are associated with using and maintaining the device.One of the most significant challenges that ophthalmologists face when performing cataract surgery involves managing patient expectations. Patients are not concerned with phaco time, technique or technology, but rather intraoperative comfort and postoperative results. Most patients do not want stitches, pain or injections. In order to achieve better outcomes, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used for cataract surgery cases.

Eyes obfuscated by cataract might one day be treated with drops instead of surgery, another creature study proposes. Today, surgery is the main method for treating cataract, the main source of visual impairment on the planet. Specialists remove shady lenses and supplant them with simulated lenses. However, analysts have found that a natural compound called lanosterol can enhance vision by dissolving the clustered proteins that frame cataract. An affirmed and viable treatment for the condition is surgery which incorporates supplanting the impeded lens or the obfuscated lens with another one made of plastic. In situations where these substitutions or inserts can't totally cure the condition, the vision is then redressed by utilizing spectacles and contact lenses. Aside from the surgery and utilization of contact lenses there are a few medications that can be utilized to treat cataract and enhance the vision.

  • Track 15-1Non-surgical treatment of cataracts
  • Track 15-2Pharmaceuticals
  • Track 15-3Post-operative care
  • Track 15-4Pain management in cataract and refractive surgery
  • Track 15-5Lens care products

As the world becomes more complex and knowledge in every field becomes more extensive and detailed, it’s increasingly difficult to master everything in any one area. This is certainly true in the field of ophthalmology, which is undoubtedly one of the reasons for the recent trend towards specialization. However, this is only one of many factors contributing to the shift. Today, the multitude of pressures affecting ophthalmologists in general—and comprehensive ophthalmologists in particular—has become so oppressive that ophthalmology practice and its management has become very essential nowadays.

  • Track 16-1Ophthalmology Practice
  • Track 16-2Ophthalmology Practice Management
  • Track 16-3Ophthalmology Practice Management Software
  • Track 16-4Neuro-Ophthalmology

Ophthalmologists are doctors who spend significant time in treating and diagnosing sicknesses of the eye. Such issues can incorporate maladies like cataracts or glaucoma; wounds; and issues with vision, similar to farsightedness. Ophthalmologists have more particular preparing in the eye than family specialists and, in opposition to optometrists, have finished therapeutic school and know about general medication and surgery. On account of this preparation, ophthalmologists regularly get referrals of patients with genuine eye issue from optometrists and family doctors. Coursework in a therapeutic school program incorporates general wellbeing concentrates, for example, life structures and physiology. To motivate the forthcoming ophthalmologists Cataract 2016 has an exceptional session on ophthalmologists' vocation and preparing.

Optometrists are pros who perform eye examinations, break down vision conditions and prescribe therapeutic treatment. Optometrists contrast from ophthalmologists, who are specialists with restorative school get ready. Optometrists give key social protection to specific eye conditions and suggest patients who need surgery to ophthalmologists. Waterfall 2016 is coordinating an exceptional session on optometrists' courses and preparing as understudies attempting to have a veritable impact will find no ideal calling over optometry.

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